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This building, designed by F.
Stevens, is spread across a 2. The terminal was built over a period of 10 years starting in This is one of the finest functional Railway Station buildings of the world and is used by more than three million commuters daily.
This property is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Architectural Revival in India, blended with the themes derived from Indian Traditional Architecture.
Its remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and eccentric ground plan are close to traditional Indian palace architecture.
It is an outstanding example of the fusion of two cultures, as British architects worked with Indian craftsmen to include Indian architectural tradition and idioms thus forging a new style unique to Mumbai.
This was the first terminus station in the subcontinent. It became a commercial palace representing the economic wealth of the nation. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly Victoria Terminus of Mumbai formerly Bombay exhibits an important interchange of influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture, and from Indian Traditional buildings.
It became a symbol for Mumbai as a major mercantile port city on the Indian subcontinent within the British Commonwealth. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly Victoria Terminus is an outstanding example of late 19th century railway architecture in the British Commonwealth, characterized by Victorian Gothic Revival and traditional Indian Features, as well as its advanced structural and technical solutions.
The entire building retains entire structural integrity. The premise of the building is a strictly protected area maintained by Indian Railways.
The property is protected by a The Terminus is one of the major railway stations in the Metropolis of Mumbai and more than 3 million rail commuters use it everyday. In addition to the initial 4 railway tracks, the terminus now facilitates 7 suburban and 11 separate out-station tracks.
This has led to the restructuring of several areas in the surroundings, and the addition of new buildings. Indian Railways are working to decongest this terminus and to deviate some of the traffic to other stations. The property is located in the southern part of the city, and it is subject to huge development pressures and potential redevelopment.
However, considering the business interests in such a central place, there is a continuous challenge regarding development control. Another risk comes from intensive traffic flow and the highly polluted air in the region around the railway station.
Industrial pollution in the area has been reduced due to reduction in industrial and harbour activities. Another problem is the saline air from the sea. The fire protection system needs to be checked and upgraded. Authenticity The heritage building retains a large percentage of its original structural integrity.
The authenticity of the structure expresses the rich Italian gothic style through the eye catching 3D-stone carvings of local species of animals, flora and fauna, symbols, arched tympana, portrait roundels of human faces, and stone mesh works on the decorated rose windows.
The elaborate detailing of the heritage building is original. It has carvings made in local yellow malad stones blended with Italian marble and polished granite in a few places.
The architectural detailing is achieved through white limestone. The doors and windows are made of Burma teak wood with some steel windows mounted in the drum of the octagonal ribbed masonry dome with the coats of arms and corresponding paintings in stained glass panels.
There are large numbers of other embellishments in statuary, which the architect has introduced in decorating the grand frontage.
These further include gargoyles, allegorical grotesques carrying standards and battle-axes, and figures of relief busts representing the different castes and communities of India. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly Victoria Terminus carry two columns, which are crowned, one with a lion representing the United Kingdom and the other with a tiger representing India and there are tympana portraying peacocks.
However, internal modifications and external additions effected a moderate change in the authenticity. These changes were generally reversible and have since listing been reverted to bring the building and surroundings to its original glory.
Continual efforts are being made to improve the overall state of the property and to ensure that the same does not decay due to its use by commuters and visitors.
The buffer zone is established to prevent and reduce negative development in the surroundings. All legal rights of the property are vested in the Ministry of Railways, Government of India. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly Victoria Terminus and the Fort area, of which it is part, are protected on the basis of this legislation.
There are listed buildings in the whole city, out of which 63 buildings are Grade-I structures: The administrative control and the management of this property lie with the Divisional Railway Manager, Mumbai Division of Central Railway.
The day-to-day maintenance and protection of the building is also the responsibility of the Divisional Railway Manager.Essay on chhatrapati shivaji maharaj and raigad fort. 24 essay writing Manatee research paper dissertation phd comics email essay about market failure ppt spell numbers essay salt water egg experiment research paper our home in space essays short story essay for lamb to the slaughter a essay on friendship vmg research paper articles against tv censorship essays vectoriel illustration essay.
Essay on shivaji maharaj in short This statement -- indeed, even the mere suggestion -- is apparently considered an outrageous insult and defamation of Shivaji, Shahaji, and Shivaji's mother, Jijabai (all .
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